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Hollyhock

Alcea rosea

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Hollyhock (Alcea rosea) at Ashcombe Farm & Greenhouses

Alcea rosea flowers

Alcea rosea flowers

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Plant Height:  4 feet

Flower Height:  6 feet

Spread:  18 inches

Sunlight:  full sun 

Hardiness Zone:  1b

Other Names:  Althaea rosea

Ornamental Features

Hollyhock features bold spikes of pink round flowers with cherry red eyes rising above the foliage from mid to late summer. The flowers are excellent for cutting. Its large tomentose round leaves remain green in color throughout the season. The fruit is not ornamentally significant.

Landscape Attributes

Hollyhock is an herbaceous perennial with a rigidly upright and towering form. Its relatively coarse texture can be used to stand it apart from other garden plants with finer foliage.

This is a high maintenance plant that will require regular care and upkeep, and should only be pruned after flowering to avoid removing any of the current season's flowers. It is a good choice for attracting hummingbirds to your yard, but is not particularly attractive to deer who tend to leave it alone in favor of tastier treats. Gardeners should be aware of the following characteristic(s) that may warrant special consideration;

  • Disease
  • Self-Seeding

Hollyhock is recommended for the following landscape applications;

  • Vertical Accent
  • Mass Planting
  • General Garden Use

Planting & Growing

Hollyhock will grow to be about 4 feet tall at maturity extending to 6 feet tall with the flowers, with a spread of 18 inches. It tends to be leggy, with a typical clearance of 1 foot from the ground, and should be underplanted with lower-growing perennials. The flower stalks can be weak and so it may require staking in exposed sites or excessively rich soils. It grows at a fast rate, and tends to be biennial, meaning that it puts on vegetative growth the first year, flowers the second, and then dies. However, this species tends to self-seed and will thereby endure for years in the garden if allowed.

This plant should only be grown in full sunlight. It prefers to grow in average to moist conditions, and shouldn't be allowed to dry out. It is not particular as to soil type or pH. It is highly tolerant of urban pollution and will even thrive in inner city environments. This species is not originally from North America.

 
 
Hardiness Zone Plant Height Minimum Sunlight
Characteristics
Articulation  Massing  Garden 
Applications
Flowers  Texture  Plant Form  Attracts Wildlife 
Ornamental Features