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perennial

Joe Pye Weed

Eupatorium maculatum

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Joe Pye Weed (Eupatorium maculatum) at Ashcombe Farm & Greenhouses

Eupatorium maculatum flowers

Eupatorium maculatum flowers

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Joe Pye Weed (Eupatorium maculatum) at Ashcombe Farm & Greenhouses

Eupatorium maculatum in bloom

Eupatorium maculatum in bloom

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Height:  7 feet

Spacing:  3 feet

Sunlight:  full sun  partial shade 

Hardiness Zone:  2b

Other Names:  Eupatorium purpureum, Boneset

Ornamental Features

Joe Pye Weed has masses of beautiful plumes of lightly-scented rose flowers at the ends of the stems from late summer to late fall, which emerge from distinctive fuchsia flower buds, and which are most effective when planted in groupings. The flowers are excellent for cutting. Its large serrated narrow leaves emerge dark green in spring, turning forest green in color throughout the season. The fruit is not ornamentally significant. The burgundy stems can be quite attractive.

Landscape Attributes

Joe Pye Weed is an herbaceous perennial with an upright spreading habit of growth. Its wonderfully bold, coarse texture can be very effective in a balanced garden composition.

This is a relatively low maintenance plant, and is best cleaned up in early spring before it resumes active growth for the season. It is a good choice for attracting butterflies to your yard, but is not particularly attractive to deer who tend to leave it alone in favor of tastier treats. It has no significant negative characteristics.

Joe Pye Weed is recommended for the following landscape applications;

  • Vertical Accent
  • Mass Planting
  • Hedges/Screening
  • General Garden Use

Planting & Growing

Joe Pye Weed will grow to be about 6 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 4 feet. When grown in masses or used as a bedding plant, individual plants should be spaced approximately 3 feet apart. It tends to be leggy, with a typical clearance of 1 foot from the ground, and should be underplanted with lower-growing perennials. It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for approximately 15 years.

This plant does best in full sun to partial shade. It is quite adaptable, prefering to grow in average to wet conditions, and will even tolerate some standing water. It is not particular as to soil type or pH. It is somewhat tolerant of urban pollution. This species is native to parts of North America. It can be propagated by division.

 
 
Hardiness Zone Plant Height Minimum Sunlight
Characteristics
Articulation  Massing  Screening  Garden 
Applications
Flowers  Texture  Plant Form  Bark  Attracts Wildlife 
Ornamental Features