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White Periwinkle

Vinca minor 'Alba'

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White Periwinkle (Vinca minor 'Alba') at Ashcombe Farm & Greenhouses

Vinca minor 'Alba' in bloom

Vinca minor 'Alba' in bloom

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

White Periwinkle (Vinca minor 'Alba') at Ashcombe Farm & Greenhouses

Vinca minor 'Alba' flowers

Vinca minor 'Alba' flowers

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Height:  6 inches

Spread:  18 inches

Sunlight:  full sun  partial shade  full shade 

Hardiness Zone:  4a

Other Names:  Common Periwinkle, Creeping Myrtle

Description:

A lush evergreen plant grown as a dense ground cover; very showy with volumes of contrasting white flowers in late spring, but also blooms throughout summer and fall sporadically

Ornamental Features

White Periwinkle has masses of beautiful white flowers along the stems from mid spring to early summer, which are most effective when planted in groupings. Its small glossy oval leaves remain dark green in color throughout the year. The fruit is not ornamentally significant.

Landscape Attributes

White Periwinkle is an herbaceous evergreen perennial with a ground-hugging habit of growth. Its medium texture blends into the garden, but can always be balanced by a couple of finer or coarser plants for an effective composition.

This is a high maintenance plant that will require regular care and upkeep, and should not require much pruning, except when necessary, such as to remove dieback. Deer don't particularly care for this plant and will usually leave it alone in favor of tastier treats. Gardeners should be aware of the following characteristic(s) that may warrant special consideration;

  • Spreading

White Periwinkle is recommended for the following landscape applications;

  • Border Edging
  • General Garden Use
  • Groundcover
  • Container Planting

Planting & Growing

White Periwinkle will grow to be only 6 inches tall at maturity, with a spread of 18 inches. Its foliage tends to remain low and dense right to the ground. It grows at a fast rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for approximately 10 years.

This plant performs well in both full sun and full shade. It prefers to grow in average to moist conditions, and shouldn't be allowed to dry out. It is not particular as to soil type or pH. It is highly tolerant of urban pollution and will even thrive in inner city environments, and will benefit from being planted in a relatively sheltered location. Consider covering it with a thick layer of mulch in winter to protect it in exposed locations or colder microclimates. This is a selected variety of a species not originally from North America. It can be propagated by division; however, as a cultivated variety, be aware that it may be subject to certain restrictions or prohibitions on propagation.

White Periwinkle is a fine choice for the garden, but it is also a good selection for planting in outdoor pots and containers. Because of its spreading habit of growth, it is ideally suited for use as a 'spiller' in the 'spiller-thriller-filler' container combination; plant it near the edges where it can spill gracefully over the pot. Note that when growing plants in outdoor containers and baskets, they may require more frequent waterings than they would in the yard or garden.

 
 
Hardiness Zone Plant Height Minimum Sunlight
Characteristics
Edging  Garden  Groundcover  Container 
Applications
Flowers 
Ornamental Features