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Winter Red Winterberry

Ilex verticillata 'Winter Red'

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Winter Red Winterberry (Ilex verticillata 'Winter Red') at Ashcombe Farm & Greenhouses

Ilex verticillata 'Winter Red' fruit

Ilex verticillata 'Winter Red' fruit

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Winter Red Winterberry (Ilex verticillata 'Winter Red') at Ashcombe Farm & Greenhouses

Ilex verticillata 'Winter Red' fruit

Ilex verticillata 'Winter Red' fruit

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Height:  8 feet

Spread:  8 feet

Sunlight:  full sun  partial shade 

Hardiness Zone:  4a

Other Names:  Black Alder

Description:

A justifiably popular deciduous holly valued for its abundant and colorful cherry red berries throughout winter, requires a male pollinator; upright growth habit, suckers into colonies; requires moist acidic soils, good for problem areas

Ornamental Features

Winter Red Winterberry is primarily grown for its highly ornamental fruit. It features an abundance of magnificent cherry red berries from mid fall to late winter. It has dark green foliage throughout the season. The pointy leaves do not develop any appreciable fall color. The flowers are not ornamentally significant.

Landscape Attributes

Winter Red Winterberry is a dense multi-stemmed deciduous shrub with a shapely oval form. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition.

This shrub will require occasional maintenance and upkeep, and is best pruned in late winter once the threat of extreme cold has passed. It is a good choice for attracting birds to your yard. Gardeners should be aware of the following characteristic(s) that may warrant special consideration;

  • Suckering

Winter Red Winterberry is recommended for the following landscape applications;

  • Mass Planting
  • Hedges/Screening
  • General Garden Use
  • Naturalizing And Woodland Gardens

Planting & Growing

Winter Red Winterberry will grow to be about 8 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 8 feet. It tends to be a little leggy, with a typical clearance of 2 feet from the ground, and is suitable for planting under power lines. It grows at a slow rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 40 years or more. This is a female variety of the species which requires a male selection of the same species growing nearby in order to set fruit.

This shrub does best in full sun to partial shade. It prefers to grow in moist to wet soil, and will even tolerate some standing water. It is very fussy about its soil conditions and must have rich, acidic soils to ensure success, and is subject to chlorosis (yellowing) of the leaves in alkaline soils. It is somewhat tolerant of urban pollution. Consider applying a thick mulch around the root zone in winter to protect it in exposed locations or colder microclimates. This is a selection of a native North American species.

 
 
Hardiness Zone Plant Height Minimum Sunlight Soil pH Preference
Characteristics
Massing  Screening  Garden  Naturalizing 
Applications
Fruit  Winter Value  Attracts Wildlife 
Ornamental Features